SMARANDA BRĂESCU #bornonthisday
Smaranda Brăescu (May 21, 1897 – February 2, 1948) was a Romanian parachuting and aviation pioneer, former multiple world record holder. In 1928, she became the first Romanian woman to ever obtain a parachuting license (receiving it in Berlin, Germany), and one of the first women in the world to do so. On October 2, 1931, Brăescu set women's world record for highest parachute jump (from around 6000 meters or 20700 feet), landing in the Bărăgan Plain, Romania. On May 19, 1932, Smaranda Brăescu sets the absolute world record for highest parachute jump (from 6929 meters or 22733 feet), in Sacramento, California. She surpassed the previous record by 476 m. On October 8, 1932, Brăescu obtained her private pilot's license in the United States, becoming the first European woman to receive an American pilot's license. In the past, she had been refused attendance to piloting schools due to the fact that she was a woman. During WW2, she volunteered in the medical wing and also trained parachutists, being among the first people to see the potential of parachuting during wartime. She was renowned for her ability to instill calm into trainees before jumping. After communists took over in Romania, she signed a document condemning the fake elections, which led to a wave of persecutions. Forced to run into hiding, Samaranda Braescu succumbed to a series of medical problems and was buried under the name Maria Popescu. Later, a man was buried in the same grave as the fees had not been paid for the plot to remain hers. Currently, a parachutists battalion, a street in Bucharest, an aviation club and an aircraft belonging to the @tarom.airways airline carry her name.
"The 🇵🇱 PZL.37 Łoś" - (Part 10 = Multiple export opportunities for the Łoś in Europe, license-built aircraft by the Belgians for the Second Spanish Republic, and French engines for these bombers) •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• Photo caption - 🇵🇱 A Polish crew of their PZL.37 Łoś bomber, standing around the aircraft with their flight gear equipped, two of them are turning one of the bomber's propellers, on an airfield in Warsaw, Poland, during the summer of 1939. Denmark was one of the countries that expressed interest in the Łoś for their air force, however due to the start of the Second World War in September 1939, none were bought. The entire Royal Danish Air Force was destroyed on the ground by the Luftwaffe, at Væløse, Copenhagen, Denmark, on April 9th, 1940. • https://audiovis.nac.gov.pl/obraz/73905/ (ze zbiorów Narodowego Archiwum Cyfrowego) • copyright expired -------------------------------------------- The Łoś, after acceptance with the Polish Air Force in 1938, went into the export market. This started with a presentation in city of Belgrade, Yugoslavia in June 1938. In Paris, France, in November 1938, the PZL.37 met with interest from the French Air Force. New variants were developed for foreign sale, the PZL.37C with French Gnome-Rhone 14N-0/1 radial engines of 985 cv (971 BHP, 724 kW), with a maximum speed 445 km/h, and the PZL.37D with 14N-20/21 engines of 1,065 cv (1,050 BHP, 783 kW), and a maximum speed 460 km/h. -------------------------------------------- In early 1939, twenty PZL.37Cs were ordered by the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, twelve by Bulgaria, thirty PZL.37Ds and license to build by Romania, and ten aircraft plus materials and parts for twenty-five and license for Turkey, and finally twelve of these aircraft for Greece. -------------------------------------------- The Belgian company (Constructions Aéronautiques G. Renard) was granted permission to perform the license production of between twenty-fifty Łoś bomber aircraft for the Air Force of the Second Spanish Republic. • #the🇵🇱PZL37ŁośBomber
Climbing up on history!
Anina Coal Mine is an underground mine that is now closed. It was one of the largest mines in Romania. It is located in South-Western Romania, in Anina, Caraş-Severin County in the historical Banat region.The mine still has large reserves of anthracite, lignite, brown coal and oil shale amounting to over 1.3 billion tonnes. It was owned by Miniera Banat a state owned company that specialised in the management of coal mines in the Banat region. The mine opened in 1790 making it the longest running mine in Romania until its closure in 2006. Its galleries are hundreds of kilometers in length and reach a depth of 1,200 metres (3,900 ft) making it the deepest mine in Romania and one of the deepest in Europe. The mine supplied oil shale to the nearby Crivina Power Station, a 990 MW thermal power station, the first oil shale power station in Romania, that had to be supplied with around 4 million tonnes of oil shale per year.
The Anina mine was the site of many fatal accidents during its history, which claimed over 1,000 lives from its opening in 1790 to its closure in 2006.
References from Wikipedia.
Thanks to @flaviucernescu for making this adventure possible!
🇷🇴Hârtie (f) [hɨr'ti.je]
🇹🇩Femeia a găsit o hârtie la ea în buzunar.
🇬🇧The woman found a piece of paper in her pocket.
🇷🇺Женщина нашла бумагу у себя в кармане. ➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖